Friday, February 1, 2019

Kali Usage Tips and Tricks

Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution aimed at advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing. Kali contains several hundred tools which are geared towards various information security tasks, such as Penetration Testing, Security research, Computer Forensics and Reverse Engineering.

Download Kali:

Basic Configuration Videos:

1. Use Proxychains and Tor to Visit Internet

1.1 Configure Proxychains

[email protected]:~# vi /etc/proxychains.conf
You can choose between dynamic_chain, stric_chain or random_chaim. Dynamic_chain will be preferred.
# proxychains.conf VER 3.1
# HTTP, SOCKS4, SOCKS5 tunneling proxifier with DNS.
# The option below identifies how the ProxyList is treated.
# only one option should be uncommented at time,
# otherwise the last appearing option will be accepted
# Dynamic - Each connection will be done via chained proxies
# all proxies chained in the order as they appear in the list
# at least one proxy must be online to play in chain
# (dead proxies are skipped)
# otherwise EINTR is returned to the app
# Strict - Each connection will be done via chained proxies
# all proxies chained in the order as they appear in the list
# all proxies must be online to play in chain
# otherwise EINTR is returned to the app
# Random - Each connection will be done via random proxy
# (or proxy chain, see chain_len) from the list.
# this option is good to test your IDS :)
You also can append some of your known proxy server list at the end of proxychains.conf file.
# ProxyList format 
#       type  host  port [user pass] 
#       (values separated by 'tab' or 'blank') 
#        Examples: 
#               socks5   1080    lamer   secret 
#               http    8080    justu   hidden 
#               socks4    1080 
#               http   8080 
#       proxy types: http, socks4, socks5 
#        ( auth types supported: "basic"-http  "user/pass"-socks ) 
# add proxy here ... 
# meanwile 
# defaults set to "tor" 
socks4 9050 
socks5 1893 
socks5 1658 

1.2 Install Tor
You will need to add a correct version source into /etc/apt/sorces.list file. Else your installation will fail.
echo "deb kali-rolling main contrib non-free" > /etc/apt/sources.list && apt-get update && apt-get install tor -y && apt autoremove -y

1.3 Use Proxychains to access Internet

You can run a nmap scan using Proxychains which will force the scan to run through one of the proxies in your list by typing in the following command into terminal:

proxychains nmap

You can also test Proxychains with Firefox:

proxychains firefox

proxychains curl

YouTube Video:
Using proxychains to start msfconsole:
[email protected]:~# proxychains msfconsole 
ProxyChains-3.1 ( 
|DNS-response|: is not exist 
     ,           , 
     /             \ 
     (_) O O (_)_________ 
          \ _ /             |\ 
          o_o \   M S F   | \ 
                \   _____  |  * 
                 |||    WW ||| 
                 |||        ||| 

Tired of typing 'set RHOSTS'? Click & pwn with Metasploit Pro 
-- type 'go_pro' to launch it now. 

       =[ metasploit v4.7.0-2013082802 [core:4.7 api:1.0] 
+ -- --=[ 1161 exploits - 641 auxiliary - 180 post 
+ -- --=[ 310 payloads - 30 encoders - 8 nops 

msf >

2. Discover alive machines in target network

[email protected]:~# fping -g -r 0 -s | grep alive is alive is alive is alive is alive is alive is alive

     254 targets
       6 alive
     248 unreachable
       0 unknown addresses

     248 timeouts (waiting for response)
     254 ICMP Echos sent
       6 ICMP Echo Replies received
       0 other ICMP received

 4.49 ms (min round trip time)
 4.92 ms (avg round trip time)
 5.14 ms (max round trip time)
        3.288 sec (elapsed real time)

3. Use Nmap to scan targets
3.1 扫描单个目标地址
3.2 扫描多个目标地址
3.3 扫描一个范围内的目标地址
3.4 扫描目标地址所在的某个网段
3.5 扫描主机列表targets.txt中的所有目标地址
nmap -iL d:\targets.txt
3.6 扫描除某一个目标地址之外的所有目标地址
nmap -exclude
3.7 扫描除某一文件中的目标地址之外的目标地址
nmap -excludefile d:\targets.txt
3.8 扫描某一目标地址的21、22、23、80端口
nmap -p 21,22,23,80
3.9 对目标地址进行路由跟踪
nmap --traceroute
3.10 扫描目标地址所在C段的在线情况
nmap -sP
3.11 目标地址的操作系统指纹识别
nmap -O
3.12 目标地址提供的服务版本检测
nmap -sV
3.13 探测防火墙状态
nmap -sF -T4
3.14 鉴权扫描: 使用--script=auth可以对目标主机或目标主机所在的网段进行应用弱口令检测
nmap --script=auth
3.15 暴力破解攻击: nmap具有暴力破解的功能,可对数据库、SMB、SNMP等进行简单密码的暴力猜解
nmap --script=brute
3.16 扫描常见的漏洞: nmap具有漏洞扫描的功能,可以检查目标主机或网段是否存在常见的漏洞
nmap --script=vuln
3.17 应用服务扫描: nmap具备很多常见应用服务的扫描脚本,例如VNC服务、MySQL服务、Telnet服务、Rsync服务等,以VNC服务为例
nmap --script=realvnc-auth-bypass
3.18 探测局域网内更多服务开启的情况:
nmap -n -p 445 --script=broadcast
3.19 whois解析: 利用第三方的数据库或资源查询目标地址的信息,例如进行whois解析
nmap -script external

[email protected]:~# nmap -T4 -O

Starting Nmap 7.60 ( ) at 2019-01-19 21:35 EST
Nmap scan report for
Host is up (0.31s latency).
Not shown: 990 closed ports
135/tcp   open     msrpc
139/tcp   open     netbios-ssn
445/tcp   open     microsoft-ds
514/tcp   filtered shell
3389/tcp  open     ms-wbt-server
5357/tcp  open     wsdapi
7070/tcp  open     realserver
49152/tcp open     unknown
49153/tcp open     unknown
49154/tcp open     unknown
Device type: general purpose
Running: Microsoft Windows XP|7|2012
OS CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_xp::sp3 cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_7 cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_server_2012
OS details: Microsoft Windows XP SP3, Microsoft Windows XP SP3 or Windows 7 or Windows Server 2012

Nmap scan report for
Host is up (0.12s latency).
Not shown: 995 closed ports
80/tcp  open     http
139/tcp open     netbios-ssn
443/tcp open     https
445/tcp open     microsoft-ds
514/tcp filtered shell
Aggressive OS guesses: Actiontec MI424WR-GEN3I WAP (99%), DD-WRT v24-sp2 (Linux 2.4.37) (98%), Linux 3.2 (97%), Linux 4.4 (97%), Microsoft Windows XP SP3 or Windows 7 or Windows Server 2012 (96%), Microsoft Windows XP SP3 (96%), BlueArc Titan 2100 NAS device (91%)
No exact OS matches for host (test conditions non-ideal).

OS detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at .
Nmap done: 2 IP addresses (2 hosts up) scanned in 136.89 seconds
[email protected]:~# 

4. MSF - Metaspoit 
4.1 Basic Usage and Steps
  • search smb
  • use exploit/windows/smb/ms08_067_netapi
  • show options
  • set RHOST
  • set target 41
  •  exploit

4.2 YouTube - Kali Metasploit Exploit FTP Service on VSFTPD:

4.3 YouTube - Kali Metasploit Exploit Samba Service:

4.4. wpscan to attack WordPress

Use wpscan to start a simple attack WordPress site
[email protected]:~# wpscan -u
list wordpress user
[email protected]:~# wpscan -u -e u vp
Use wordlist to brute force WordPress account
[email protected]:~# wpscan -u -e u --wordlist /usr/share/wordlists/metasploit/common-roots.txt
Youtube Video:

4.5. Exploit Windows 7 or Windows 2008 Servers
YouTube video: Using EternalBlue Vulnerability to Exploit Windows 2008 Server

1. tor instaling

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