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CyberArk PAS (Privileged Access Security) Configuration Notes

CyberArk is an info security company mainly dedicated to privileged account security. The CyberArk Privileged Account Security solution comprises features that secure, monitor and manages confidential accounts.
The major components used widely are following:
  • Enterprise Password Vault
  • Central Policy Manager (CPM)
  • Password Vault Web Access (PVWA)
  • Privileged Session Manager (PSM)

PAM Architecture

PAM Solution High Availability Design

PAS Configuration Steps after installation

On the Domain Controller:
1. create a CyberArk Bind User -  ex. [email protected] Usually it is domain admin account
2. Define follow LDAP CyberArk groups - Cyberark mapping roles:
CyberArk Vault Admins - Vault Admins
CyberArk Safe Managers - Safe Managers
CyberArk Auditors - Auditors
CyberArk Users - Users

From PVWA Web GUI:
1. Activate PSM
2. Deactivate 'Require users to specify reason for access'
3. Integrate LDAP

On the Vault
1. Manual restart the vault service, will not start Event Notification Engine service.

LDAP Integration

Reconcile Account

Passwords in the Vault must be synchronized with corresponding passwords on remote devices to ensure that they are constantly available. Therefore, the CPM runs a verification process to check that passwords are synchronized. If the verification process discovers passwords that are not synchronized with their corresponding password in the Vault, the CPM can reset both passwords and reconcile them. This ensures that the passwords are resynchronized automatically, without any manual intervention.

During password reconciliation, the unsynchronized password is replaced in the Vault and on the remote device with a new password that is generated according to the relevant platform. As soon as reconciliation is finished successfully, all standard verifications and changes can be carried out as usual. Users can see details of the last reconciliation process in the Operational Views in the Accounts List.


Vault Backup Steps

Step 1: The Vault Backup utility (PAReplicate.exe) generates a metadata backup in the Vault’s Metadata Backup folder, then exports the contents of the Data folder and the contents of the Metadata Backup folder to the computer on which the Backup utility is installed.
Step 2: After the replication process is complete, the external backup application copies all the files from the replicated Data folder and the Metadata folder.
Keep the replicated files on the Backup utility machine after the external backup application copies all the files. The next time you run the Backup utility to the same location, it will update only the modified files and reduce the time of the replication.

CMD Backup


@echo off
cd "c:\Program Files (x86)\PrivateArk\Replicate"
echo %date% %time% Start of task > ReplicateBatch.log
echo User=%UserName%, Path=%path% >> ReplicateBatch.log
PAReplicate.exe Vault.ini /logonfromfile user.ini /fullbackup 1>> ReplicateBatch.log 2>> ReplicateBatch.err
echo %date% %time% End of task >> ReplicateBatch.log

Scheduled Job:
  • Runas Local System (run with highest privileges set)
  • Program/script: "c:\Program Files (x86)\PrivateArk\Replicate\PAReplicate.exe"
  • Add arguments: vault.ini /logonfromfile user.ini /fullbackup
  • Start in: c:\Program Files (x86)\PrivateArk\Replicate

Password Management Architecture

Session Manager Architecture

Privileged Threat Analytics Architecture

Key Features of Core PAS

Standard Core PAS Componets

RDP Traffic Flow

Vault, Components and Clients


1 comment:

  1. Thank you! Cyberark doesn't look unpolished. However, it still has some issues.