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Cisco ISE (Identity Services Engine) Studying Notes

ISE stands for Identity Services Engine and is Cisco’s flagship security product for network access control

Cisco Identity Services Engine (ISE) is a server based product, either a Cisco ISE appliance or Virtual Machine that enables the creation and enforcement of access polices for endpoint devices connected to a companies network.



How does Cisco ISE work?


Every time a user or device wants to connect to the network either wired or wireless, the device or user is validated to check if it’s permitted on the network. ISE can also posture devices and based on a profile allow or deny them access to the network

The ISE solution is made up of a deployment of nodes with three different ISE personas:
  • Policy Administration Node (PAN)
  • Monitoring  Node (MnT)
  • Policy Services Node (PSN)
  • pxGrid

Depending on the size of your deployment all three personas can be run on the same device or spread across multiple devices for redundancy and scalability. Lets go through each persona and explain their function.

Deployment options

ISE has two different deployment options – Standalone and Distributed

The smallest distributed ISE deployment consists of two Cisco ISE nodes with one node functioning as the primary.




Logging Configuration for Remote Logging Target

Create remote logging target

1.     In Cisco ISE, choose Administration > System > Logging > Remote Logging Targets.

2.     Click Add.

3.     Configure the following fields:

Field
Value
Description
Name
LR
Target name, also used below in the category
IP Address
1.1.1.2 (for example)
IP address of LR Collector
Port
514 (for example)
Target Type
UDP
Best practice. NOT the default.
Maximum Length
8192
Events will be broken if you use a smaller value.

4.     You can tune all other fields at your discretion.

5.     Click Save.

6.     Go to the Remote Logging Targets page and verify the creation of the new target.


Add the new target to your desired logging categories

1.     Choose Administration > System > Logging > Logging Categories.

2.     Click the radio button next to the category that you want to edit, then click Edit.

3.     Add the target that you created in the previous section, LR, to the following categories. These are default log collection settings and can be tuned at your discretion: AAA Audit Failed Attempts Passed Authentications AAA Diagnostics Accounting RADIUS Accounting Administrative and Operational Audit Posture and Client Provisioning Audit Posture and Client Provisioning Diagnostics MDM Profiler System Diagnostics System Statistics

4.     Click Save.

5.     Go to the Logging Categories page and verify the configuration changes that were made to the specific categories. 






SNMP Configuration


conf t
snmp-server host 20.9.2.242 version 2c password1234
end

wr mem


Check Report for Authentication Failure

To check if there is any authentication failure, you can use Operation - Reports - Endpoint and Users to filter top N authentication by Failure Reason to find out those events.





References:









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